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Nicholas Cox
Nicholas Cox

Laboratory Studies In Integrated Principles Of Zoology (Botany, Zoology, Ecology And Evolution)

Most career opportunities require advanced studies beyond the bachelor's degree. Students may choose a zoology specialization to prepare for graduate studies or employment in disciplines such as zoology, ecology, conservation and biology research; a preprofessional specialization to prepare for medical, dental or veterinary programs; or a secondary-education specialization to prepare for secondary-school teaching.

Laboratory Studies In Integrated Principles Of Zoology (Botany, Zoology, Ecology And Evolution)


Zoologist is the basic zoology specialization designed for students whose career goals include participation in basic or applied research in the life sciences, with an emphasis on the ecology, evolution, behavior, anatomy, development and/or physiology of animals. Interested students should work closely with a department mentor to plan for graduate school or other career choices. Mentors and advisers will provide guidance for admission to graduate school and will help students select appropriate graduate programs. Course requirements and a recommended semester plan appear below.

ACTS Common Course - BIOL 1014 Prerequisites: scores of 21 or higher on the reading, science reasoning and mathematics portions of the enhanced ACT or completion of MATH 0903 with a grade of C or higher, or a grade of C or higher in a college science course. An in depth study of biological principles and the interrelationships of biology with other sciences. Topics included are: cellular structure, intermediary metabolism and differentiation, population genetics, ecology, and evolution. Note: Duplicate credit for BIOL 1014 and BIOL 1114 will not be allowed. Lecture three hours, laboratory two hours. $40 laboratory fee.

Prerequisites: BIOL 1114, 2124, and 2134, or permission of instructor. This course focuses upon the principles and major concepts in evolutionary biology from a historical and contemporary viewpoint. Morphological and molecular evolution, population genetics, systematics, the fossil record, a history of life on earth, macroevolution, and adaptation are among the topics examined in this course. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. $40 laboratory fee.

The College of Natural and Computational Sciences offers three pathways, or concentrations, for a major program of study leading to a Bachelor of Science degree in Biology. The first program of study is Conservation, Ecology and Evolution which gives a strong background in natural systems, quantitative methods and evolutionary and ecological principles to prepare students for careers or graduate work in wildlife biology, conservation, ecosystem restoration and management. The General Biology concentration provides a broad, yet integrated background across the breadth of fields within the biological sciences. The General Biology curriculum is scientifically rigorous but flexible, offering students choices and opportunities for pursuing their own areas of interest, and providing the preparation for a variety of biological careers or further studies, including molecular biology, physiology, veterinary science, microbiology, zoology, and botany. The third concentration is the Human and Health Sciences program of study. This curriculum focuses on molecular and human biology, with options to study advanced aspects of human health and social sciences, from microbiology to psychology, anthropology and health management. The Human and Health sciences option prepares students for entry into medical school, dental school, pharmacy and health care training programs, and graduate studies in health-related fields. In addition, it provides the scientific background for careers in biotechnology, cell and molecular biology, and biomedicine. In all curriculum options, the Biology degree program at HPU integrates modern laboratory methods and field experiences with traditional classroom instruction, providing excellent preparation for employment or graduate studies for future researchers, science educators, health professionals, managers, and for many other pursuits.

Class offerings and student research opportunities leverage the varied natural environments in the Monterey Bay region, throughout the western US, and in more distant locations such as Africa, Europe, Mexico, Tahiti, Australia, and the Far East. This emphasis on field and laboratory studies is the hallmark of undergraduate majors. Within this context they address not only basic ecological and evolutionary processes, but also the application of this knowledge to advance environmental, conservation and sustainability science.

An outstanding group of faculty, each with a vigorous, internationally recognized research program, is available to teach courses in their specialties as well as core courses for the major. Areas of research strength within the department include plant biology, animal behavior, physiology, evolution, ecology, and marine biology. UCSC is unique in the UC system in providing exceptional opportunities for undergraduate research, allowing students to interact one-on-one with faculty and other researchers in a laboratory or field setting.

Students majoring in ecology and evolution will receive a B.S. degree based on an integrated series of courses providing breadth in fundamental areas of biology and allied sciences that enhance understanding of evolutionary and ecological processes. The capstone of this curriculum is a suite of field courses providing students unique opportunities to learn and conduct research in a host of ecological systems. Students are encouraged to take field courses in their areas of specialization. Other opportunities include participation in research projects with faculty sponsors and the intensive Education Abroad Programs (EAP) in Costa Rica (tropical biology) and Australia (marine sciences).

Prerequisites: BIO 201, BIO 203, and CHM 109. BIO 330 - Ecology 4 Credits An introductory course in basic ecology, the study of the flows of matter and energy in nature, and the relationship between living things and the environment. This includes relationships between 175 individuals, populations, and ecosystems, and changes over time. Include laboratory will be field and microcosm explorations. Prerequisites: BIO 202 and CHM 109. BIO 341 - Human Anatomy 4 CreditsA system-based study of the human anatomy. Includes a cadaver-based laboratory exploration of human gross anatomy. Prerequisite: BIO 203. BIO 342 - Human Physiology4 CreditsAn examination of the major physiological systems, their function, and their integration, which includes the nervous, muscular, endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, renal, digestive, and reproductive systems. Laboratory included. Prerequisite: BIO 203. Co-requisite: CHM 110. Not open to students with credit for BIO 242. BIO 366 - Genetics 4 CreditsA survey of major principles of Mendelian, molecular, and population genetics and the societal issues raised by recent advances in this field; laboratory included. Prerequisite: BIO 201. BIO 469 - Cell & Molecular Biology4 CreditsA study of processes common to life at the cellular level including: biochemical and structural organizations, membrane function, motility, signal transduction, growth, division and genetic regulation of the cell. Prerequisites: BIO 201and 203. CHM 109 - General Chemistry I 4 Credits Foundations of chemistry for Science majors. Topics include atomic structure, chemical bonding, stoichiometry, phases of matter, chemical energetics, molecular geometry; includes laboratory. Co-requisite: MTH 102 or equivalent placement.

Ethology is the scientific and objective study of animal behavior under natural conditions,[36] as opposed to behaviorism, which focuses on behavioral response studies in a laboratory setting. Ethologists have been particularly concerned with the evolution of behavior and the understanding of behavior in terms of the theory of natural selection. In one sense, the first modern ethologist was Charles Darwin, whose book, The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, influenced many future ethologists.[37]

A subfield of ethology is behavioral ecology which attempts to answer Nikolaas Tinbergen's four questions with regard to animal behavior: what are the proximate causes of the behavior, the developmental history of the organism, the survival value and phylogeny of the behavior?[38] Another area of study is animal cognition, which uses laboratory experiments and carefully controlled field studies to investigate an animal's intelligence and learning.[39]

Biogeography studies the spatial distribution of organisms on the Earth,[40] focusing on topics like dispersal and migration, plate tectonics, climate change, and cladistics. It is an integrative field of study, uniting concepts and information from evolutionary biology, taxonomy, ecology, physical geography, geology, paleontology and climatology.[41] The origin of this field of study is widely accredited to Alfred Russel Wallace, a British biologist who had some of his work jointly published with Charles Darwin.[42]

The School has recently redesigned the curriculum to remain on the cutting edge of biological education. All first-year students are introduced to basic concepts in ecology and evolutionary biology, as well as cellular and molecular biology. The core set of courses in biology continues into the second year, featuring genetics, biochemistry, and molecular biology, followed in the third and fourth year by a choice of advanced courses in biology. Since biology is a laboratory discipline, students complete a series of laboratory courses in which they learn both the techniques and approaches needed to solve problems in biology.


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